قسم الهندسة النووية

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حول قسم الهندسة النووية

تم إنشاء قسم الهندسة النووية كأحد أقسام كلية الهندسة عام 1974م وتم قبول أول دفعة في العام الدراسي 1977م كما شهد عام 1981م تخريج أول دفعة. ويهدف قسم الهندسة النووية وهو القسم الوحيد بالجامعات الليبية إلى إعداد الكفاءات العلمية المؤهلة والقادرة على استيعاب التطورات التي تحدث في مجال العلوم النووية المساهمة في إدخال أساليب التقنية النووية وتطويعها للاستخدامات السلمية في كافة المجالات ذات العلاقة.

شعب القسم: يضم القسم حالياً شعبتين هما:  شعبة الطاقة وتهتم باستخدامات المفاعلات النووية. وشعبة التطبيقات الإشعاعية وتهتم بتطبيقات الإشعاع النووي .

حقائق حول قسم الهندسة النووية

نفتخر بما نقدمه للمجتمع والعالم

9

المنشورات العلمية

11

هيئة التدريس

109

الطلبة

0

الخريجون

من يعمل بـقسم الهندسة النووية

يوجد بـقسم الهندسة النووية أكثر من 11 عضو هيئة تدريس

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د. كريمة محمد علي المصري

منشورات مختارة

بعض المنشورات التي تم نشرها في قسم الهندسة النووية

Automatic Detection and Quantification of Abdominal Aortic Calcification in Dual Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a major cause of mortality and the main cause of morbidity worldwide. CVD may lead to heart attacks and strokes and most of these are caused by atherosclerosis; this is a medical condition in which the arteries become narrowed and hardened due to an excessive build-up of plaque on the inner artery wall. Arterial calcification and, in particular, abdominal aortic calcification (AAC) is a manifestation of atherosclerosis and a prognostic indicator of CVD. In this paper, a two-stage automatic method to detect and quantify the severity of AAC is described; it is based on the analysis of lateral vertebral fracture assessment (VFA) images. These images were obtained on a dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scanner used in single energy mode. First, an active appearance model was used to segment the lumbar vertebrae L1-L4 and the aorta on VFA images; the segmentation of the aorta was based on its position with respect to the vertebrae. In the second stage, feature vectors representing calcified regions in the aorta were extracted to quantify the severity of AAC. The presence and severity of AAC was also determined using an established visual scoring system (AC24). The abdominal aorta was divided into four parts immediately anterior to each vertebra, and the severity of calcification in the anterior and posterior walls was graded separately for each part on a 0-3 scale. The results were summed to give a composite severity score ranging from 0 to 24. This severity score was classified as follows: mild AAC (score 0-4), moderate AAC (score 5-12) and severe AAC (score 12-24). Two classification algorithms (k-nearest neighbour and support vector machine) were trained and tested to assign the automatically extracted feature vectors into the three classes. There was good agreement between the automatic and visual AC24 methods and the accuracy of the automated technique relative to visual classification indicated that it is capable of identifying and quantifying AAC over a range of severity. arabic 30 English 163
Karima Mohamed Ali Elmasri, William Evans, Yulia Hicks(1-2016)
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Monte Carlo modeling of 6 MV photon beam produced by the elekta precise linear accelerator of Tripoli medical center using beamnrc/dosexyznrc

The 6MV photon beam production by the Elekta Line accelerateur of Tripoli of medical center (TMC) was modeled using Beamnrc and Dosexyzne Monte Carlo codes. The Beamnrc code was used to model the accelerator head and generate phase files. The phase space files were then used as input to the Dosexyzne code to simulate octogenarian deth dose and beam profiles. simulation were first stared using nominal provided by the vendor, a field size of 10x10cm2 and Source to surface distance (SSD) of 100 cm. simulation were compared with experimental data and energy tuning procedures were applied to validate the model. Energy tuning procedures indicated that the nominal energy of 6 MV and a FWHM of the Gaussian distribution of the source of 0.35 cm were the optimal energy and FWHM for the model. The depth of maximum dose at 6 MV was found to be 1.5 cm. The percentage relative differences between calculated and experimental Pdd(s) ranged from 0.5% to 3% for field size of 10cm2 and reached a value of 8% at depths greater than 20cm, The model was later used to calculate PDD(s) and beam profile and output factors for different field size ranging from 3x3cm2 to 25x25cm2. Calculated output factors were in good agreement with experimental values (the percentage relative differences ranged from 1% to 4%). (Author) arabic 42 English 152
Karima Elmasri, Tawfik Giaddui(12-2012)
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Study of Dose Distribution around a PET Facility in a Nuclear Medicine Clinic

Abstract: Modern PET/CT clinics consist of a scanner room housing PET/CT unit and a control area, two or more waiting rooms where patients rest prior to scanning, and a hot lab where doses are prepared. The 511 keV photons from the PET positron emitting isotopes are the source term for the waiting rooms and the hot lab, while both the 511 keV photons and the polyenergtic spectrum of x-rays from the CT unit must be considered in the scanning roomThis study is intended to estimate dose distribution resulting from using a FDG procedure (555 MBq). The dose distribution is evaluated in injection room, waiting room, and scanning room using two methods. The first method is the analytical method whids is based on AAPM report № 108, while in the second method the dose distribution was simulated using the Monte Carlo code EGSXYZnrc .In the Monte Carlo method some parameters such as the optimal number of histories and the cut off energy of the electron are found to have a significant effect on the results. These parameters are tested and those values with less statistical error are adapted for the calculations.A good agreement between the two methods has been achieved. The dose distribution in the uptake room , waitting room and the scanning room appears to be below the annually dose limit and does not exceed 1% at the adjacent areas.
مريومة البهلول القرقني (2009)
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