Department of Nuclear Engineering

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About Department of Nuclear Engineering

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11

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Who works at the Department of Nuclear Engineering

Department of Nuclear Engineering has more than 11 academic staff members

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Dr. Karima Mohamed Ali Elmasri

Publications

Some of publications in Department of Nuclear Engineering

Monte Carlo modeling of 6 MV photon beam produced by the elekta precise linear accelerator of Tripoli medical center using beamnrc/dosexyznrc

The 6MV photon beam production by the Elekta Line accelerateur of Tripoli of medical center (TMC) was modeled using Beamnrc and Dosexyzne Monte Carlo codes. The Beamnrc code was used to model the accelerator head and generate phase files. The phase space files were then used as input to the Dosexyzne code to simulate octogenarian deth dose and beam profiles. simulation were first stared using nominal provided by the vendor, a field size of 10x10cm2 and Source to surface distance (SSD) of 100 cm. simulation were compared with experimental data and energy tuning procedures were applied to validate the model. Energy tuning procedures indicated that the nominal energy of 6 MV and a FWHM of the Gaussian distribution of the source of 0.35 cm were the optimal energy and FWHM for the model. The depth of maximum dose at 6 MV was found to be 1.5 cm. The percentage relative differences between calculated and experimental Pdd(s) ranged from 0.5% to 3% for field size of 10cm2 and reached a value of 8% at depths greater than 20cm, The model was later used to calculate PDD(s) and beam profile and output factors for different field size ranging from 3x3cm2 to 25x25cm2. Calculated output factors were in good agreement with experimental values (the percentage relative differences ranged from 1% to 4%). (Author) arabic 42 English 152
Karima Elmasri, Tawfik Giaddui(12-2012)
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Study of Dose Distribution around a PET Facility in a Nuclear Medicine Clinic

Abstract: Modern PET/CT clinics consist of a scanner room housing PET/CT unit and a control area, two or more waiting rooms where patients rest prior to scanning, and a hot lab where doses are prepared. The 511 keV photons from the PET positron emitting isotopes are the source term for the waiting rooms and the hot lab, while both the 511 keV photons and the polyenergtic spectrum of x-rays from the CT unit must be considered in the scanning roomThis study is intended to estimate dose distribution resulting from using a FDG procedure (555 MBq). The dose distribution is evaluated in injection room, waiting room, and scanning room using two methods. The first method is the analytical method whids is based on AAPM report № 108, while in the second method the dose distribution was simulated using the Monte Carlo code EGSXYZnrc .In the Monte Carlo method some parameters such as the optimal number of histories and the cut off energy of the electron are found to have a significant effect on the results. These parameters are tested and those values with less statistical error are adapted for the calculations.A good agreement between the two methods has been achieved. The dose distribution in the uptake room , waitting room and the scanning room appears to be below the annually dose limit and does not exceed 1% at the adjacent areas.
مريومة البهلول القرقني (2009)
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A 3-D Numerical Study of Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer of Multiple Laminar Jets in Crossflow

Abstract: In this study, a three dimensional computer code based on the so called SIMPLE algorithm (which stands for Semi-Implicit Method for Pressure-Linked Equations) developed by McGill University-Montréal-Canada is used for the numerical solution of a laminar fluid flow and heat transfer of impinging four jets in the presence of crossflow with constant temperature boundary condition on the impingement surface. The governing equations solved by the computer code are the continuity equation, three components of the momentum equation and the energy equation. The finite volume method is adopted for the discretisation of the governing equation. In the computer program, the finite difference equations are solved via the primitive pressure-velocity approach where the hybrid difference scheme, which is a combination of the central and upwind differences, is used to represent the convective and diffusive fluxes over the control volume surfaces. The results obtained show that in general, for multiple jets, the induced and imposed crossflow have significant effects on both the flow and temperature fields near the impingement surface. A strong crossflow deflects the jet and prevents it from impinging on the surface resulting in lower heat transfer rates and hence lower temperatures difference.The results also show that reducing the jet separation distances causes an increase of the temperature of the flow, and hence better cooling of impingement surface.
إبتسام عمارة (2008)
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