Dr. HamzaEtheleb

Department of Translation faculty of Languages

Full name

Dr. Hamza Emhemed Ahmed Etheleb


Doctor of Phiosophy

Academic Rank



Dr Hamza Ethelb obtained his PhD from the University of Glasgow in 2019. His thesis focused on the impact of medial ideology on translation. in 2011, he graduated from the Heriot Watt University, Edinburgh, with a concentration in Computer-Assisted Translation Tools.

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Doctor of Phiosophy

Translation Studies
University of Glasgow
6 ,2019


Teaching English to Adult Learners: APractical Remedial Method

This study explores the particularities of teaching English to adult learners. It looks at whether adult learners’ comprehension of lessons is slowed down by factors of teaching style orclassroom settings. The study uses a questionnaire to collect views of adult learners from the Libyan context. The questionnaire that contains 37 statements measures different aspects of teaching English. It was delivered online using Google Forms. Those aspects include teaching style, preferences of correcting mistakes, willingness of cooperation among adult learners, self-dependenceand self-confidenceof learners, and preferred techniques to learninggrammar and vocabulary. This study also offers a remedial method that is inferred from the experience of the researchers and supported by the results of the data. The results show that adult learners have differentperception towards acquiring a foreign language. They agree that they need to better theirlearning input. The suggested remedial process could be an answer to their needs.
Hamza Ethelb(10-2020)
Publisher's website

Changing the Structure of Paragraphs and Texts in Arabic: A Case from News Reporting

This study explores the textual alterations of Arabic news structure and how it has been influenced by news texts produced in English. The paper precisely examines sentence, paragraph and text structures in terms of form and content in relation to news translation. It analyses news articles collated from Aljazeera and Al-Arabiya news networks. The collated corpus is translations from English into Arabic by these two media outlets. The analysis showed considerable changes that the form of Arabic textual structures has incurred, especially in the general layout of texts. Although it confirm Hatim’s (1997) text-type categorisation with regard to argumentation in Arabic news texts that Arabic lacks argumentative elements it news content, it exhibited significant shift in internal cohesion, paragraph transitions, and syntactic patterns. These changes could emanate from many other influencing factors, but translation is definitely one.
Hamza Ethelb(7-2019)
Publisher's website

Dialects on Screen: Translating Jordanian Dialect into English The Case of Captain Abu Raed Film

This article explores the translation of dialects on-screen within the Jordanian context. Such place of translation is arguably one of the most challenging areas of translation, yet interesting due to its variety. Arab peoples use their dialects to express their opinions on several platforms, including TV media. Audiovisual translation research is growing in investigating subtitling Arabic dialects and languages on screen. Scholars propose a dialect-to-dialect approach or a dialect-to-standard approach. However, in this paper the focus is more on the strategies which inevitably fall within those approaches. The study uses a Jordanian film known as Captain Abu Raed as a source of highlighting and demonstrating translation of dialects within an Arabic context. The initial findings show that some dialectal expressions are taken off or sacrificed by replacing them with neutralized standard language.
Hamza Ethelb(10-2019)
Publisher's website

Hidden Hands: An Institutional Force in Political News Translation

This article explores translation in news institutions. While being heavily relied on by media organizations, translation is rarely acknowledged. Translation is deeply interwoven with news in that it is used to employ ideological tendencies and political agendas. This study investigates the powerful role of media institution as a force that intervenes in producing news reports. It uses a questionnaire and interviews to see the influence of editors in the translation of news texts. For this purpose, the views of 21 news translators, journalists and news were surveyed to infer the role of institutions in translation. The study looks at this role from different angles including translator training, instructions given to translators, textual alterations, and policies of news institutions. The findings indicate that intervention by the editors and producers on translation is taking place. The interview participants tend to agree with the intervention of the institution. The questionnaire respondents agree with the statement that translators are given instructions to use specific terminology but disagree with a statement that they have to comply with the policies of the institution.
Hamza Ethelb(5-2020)
Publisher's website

Machine Translation and Technicalities of Website Localization

Machine translation tools are widely used by companies. The tools are on an increasing demand. Translators need to equip themselves with the knowledge and the mastering of these tools. This study explores two machine translation tools involved in website localization. These tools are Alchemy Catalyst and Trados Tageditor. The study adopts an evaluative methodology to shed light on the intricacies and technicalities of these two localization tools. It discusses some of the cultural issues that localizers come across in the process of localization. In addition, it delves into the technical issues, mainly focusing on localizing into Arabic with a special focus on string, text, lexis, and orthography. The study concludes that the process of localization requires teamwork and involvement of computer engineers, and both localization tools are valuable in achieving a localization task.
Hamza Ethelb(8-2019)
Publisher's website

mediating ideology in news headlines: A Case Study of Post-Revolution Egypt

The area of news translation is recently gaining increasing interest in Translation Studies. Research in this area has also begun to receive greater attention, although it remains less frequent in relation to Arabic translation. The intricacies of translating news lie in the fact that they are ideologically-loaded. This paper seeks to investigate the impact of ideology in mediating news headlines from English into Arabic. This study draws on Hatim and Mason's (1997) distinction of the impingement of ideology on translation to meet a set of beliefs and systems of a particular media institution. For this study, 32 news headlines produced by Reuters covering Egypt's post-Arab Spring uprising were examined. Of these, 22 of them were mediated by Al-Arabiya and 10 by Aljazeera on their Arabic webpages, and these were examined to see the degree of ideology mediation. The paper also investigates the nature of news translation, and asks whether this complex process is adequately and clearly defined within the field of Translation Studies. It has been shown that the news headlines have been ideologically mediated in a way that completely different from the original texts and conform to the news organizations’ political/ideological leanings. This resulted in reformulating a different Arabic version from the original.
Hamza Ethelb(5-2016)
Publisher's website

Thematic Analysis in Translating English and Arabic Scientific Texts

The thematic and information structure of scientific and technical texts are arguably different among languages. This study examines the thematic structure of scientific texts in English and Arabic to see the differences in the hierarchical organization at different thematic levels. It adopts Halliday’s functional model of theme-rheme and applies it to English and Arabic scientific texts. The paper mainly investigates the three levels of theme: textual, interpersonal and experiential with the intention of discussing their translations into Arabic. It uses a corpus data of two scientific texts. The syntactic and textual elements of those texts were compared and contrasted and professional translations were provided to study the Arabic thematic structure. The data provides English and Arabic versions which allow for a comparable analysis of structure, convention and style. The study reveals that the most frequent type of themes and thematic progression is the experiential theme. It shows that those experiential themes are almost always occupying initial positions. The structure of themes has the tendency to be reproduced in the translation. However, the findings of this investigation indicate that position of themes may change as a result of translation, or changed from experiential into textual.
Hamza Ethelb(8-2019)
Publisher's website

The People or the Police: Who to Blame?

One news event may be represented differently by different news organizations. Research in news representation remains sparse in Arabic. This article investigates some of the linguistic and textual devices used in journalistic texts. It looks at the way these devices are used to influence public opinion. This gives rise to significance of conducting this research. This study uses these devices within the framework of Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA). For the purpose of this study, four news articles produced by Aljazeera and Al-Arabiya were examined under CDA in order to show how journalists structure their news stories to imply an ideological stance. The analysis showed that Aljazeera and Al-Arabiya represented the people and the police differently, each according to their ideological and political leanings. This resulted in the public having different opinions of the event.
Hamza Ethelb(1-2020)
Publisher's website

The Translator as Journalist: Getting Across the Ideological Intricacies of Translating News

The role of translators in news reporting has recently been gaining increasing attention. The process of translating news seems to be influenced by the ideological and political preferences of the news networks. This paper aims to investigate the influence of news organisations on the practices of news translation; that is, the social practices within an institution promoting a particular discourse, ideology or belief. It underlines the role of news translators/journalists in media discourse. It also looks at whether news translators, or journalists, are influenced by the ideological tendencies or political leanings of news institutions. In addition, the paper situates the topic of news translation within the ideological turn of Translation Studies. For the purpose of this enquiry, news articles were collected from Aljazeera and Al-Arabiya to see how translation is being conducted in news agencies. This study shows that news items can be ideologically altered to conform with the news organisations values by using a number of translation strategies. These alterations occur on the textual and lexical levels of the news items, making them carry a different representation of the news story at hand.
Hamza Ethelb(1-2019)

Using Address Terms in showing Politeness with Reference to Their Translation from Arabic into English

This paper aims to investigate the translation of address terms between Arabic and English. Those terms belong to different systems in both languages. Certain characteristics of an address term in one culture tend to be lost when translated into another. Therefore, politeness theory will be used in order to find out whether the politeness intended by using an address term is transferred into the target language or not. For this study, a number of address terms are selected from a novel, Madiq Alley. Those terms are delivered to a number of subjects in a questionnaire. The analysis points out the use of such systems and how each system applies different politeness strategies to show respect and deference. The findings indicate that some patterns of face-work are lost in the translation process and that the relational terms of address are more challenging to translate than the absolute ones.
Hamza Ethelb(7-2015)
Publisher's website

دليل المترجم في الميدان

كتاب يحتوي على نصوص مختلفة من الواقع الليبي (عربي إنجليزي والعكس)
حمزة امحمد الثلب, ميلاد محمد شرباك(1-2017)

الترجمة والمصدر: دراسة حالة لتقرير إخباري حول دواء "ديكساميثازون"

تدرس هذه الورقة الدور المهم الذي يلعبه المترجم في أ أروقة المؤسسات ا لاخبارية. وتشير اليه بالتركيز على ذكر المصادر عند الترجمة. وتبحث الدراسة في خبر دواء "ديكساميثازون" الذي نشرته البي بي سي، وتم نقله الى اللغة العربية. ركزت الدراسة على أ أربع مقالات اخبارية نشرت الخبر باللغة العربية. وبينت الدراسة أ أن دور المترجم مختفي بشكل ش به كلي عند كتابة التقارير ا لاخبارية.
حمزة الثلب(1-2020)

آليات تحليل الخطاب الإعلامي للصحف الليبية دراسة تحليلية لصحيفتي الصباح وليبيا الإخبارية

تقدم هذه الدراسة نماذج تطبيقيـة لآليـات تحليـل الخطـاب الإعلامـي للصـحف الليبيـة. منطلقـة مـن السؤال عن الأدوات المستخدمة في كتابة النصوص الإعلامية الإخبارية، وكيفية استخدامها؟ وللإجابة على هذا السؤال؛ تستعرض الدراسة الأدوات اللغويـة المسـتخدمة في الأخبـار التـي تتنـاول الأحـداث الليبيـة السياسية الجارية، وذلك بالتطبيق على كافة المواد التحريرية الأخبارية التي نشرتها أعداد مختلفـة مـن صحيفتي الصباح وليبيا الأخبارية الليبية خـلال الفـترة مـن أول أبريـل وحتـى سـبتمبر 2019، والبـالغ عددها 24 عدداً، بمعدل عددين من كل شهر. وتجادل الدراسة بأن صحيفتي العينة استخدمتا العديد من الأدوات اللغويـة التـي تـأتي تحـت مسـمى التحليـل النقـدي للخطـاب، مثــل التعتـيم (Concealment (والـتملص (Evading (وطريقـة تقـديم الشخصيات الفاعلة في المجتمع (Actors Social of Representation ،(وغهـا مـن الأدوات الأخـرى، أثناء تغطيتها لهذه الأحداث بصياغات وأهداف ومرسات اجتعية وعوامل سياسية وسياقية مختلفـة مصاحبة للنص الإخباري، التي من شأنها أن توجه رأي القارئ نحو قضايا ما، بما يتوافق مع النهج الكتابي الممارس من قبل هيئة تحرير الصحيفت. وتناولت هذه الدراسة أيضاً أهمية استخدام تحليل الخطاب عامة والتحليل النقدي للخطاب على وجـه الخصـوص في مجـال الدراسـات الإعلاميـة، مـن منظـور اللغـة واسـتخداماتها، وبالسـياقات الاجتعيـة والثقافية والسياسية المحيطة بالخطاب الإعلامي، موضحة كذلك الإ شكاليات التي تواجـه هـذا الأسـلوب بسبب غموض مفهومه وتداخل طبيعته مع العلوم الأخرى مثل السياسة والاجتماع.
حمزة امحمد الثلب, خالد أبوالقاسم غلام(6-2019)
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