Publication List for faculty of Languages

Publication statistics for faculty of Languages

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  • 10

    Conference paper

  • 28

    Journal Article

  • 3


  • 2


  • 4

    PhD Thesis

  • 19

    Master Thesis

  • 0

    Final Year Project

  • 0

    Technical Report

  • 4

    Unpublished work

  • 0


Machine Translation and Technicalities of Website Localization

Machine translation tools are widely used by companies. The tools are on an increasing demand. Translators need to equip themselves with the knowledge and the mastering of these tools. This study explores two machine translation tools involved in website localization. These tools are Alchemy Catalyst and Trados Tageditor. The study adopts an evaluative methodology to shed light on the intricacies and technicalities of these two localization tools. It discusses some of the cultural issues that localizers come across in the process of localization. In addition, it delves into the technical issues, mainly focusing on localizing into Arabic with a special focus on string, text, lexis, and orthography. The study concludes that the process of localization requires teamwork and involvement of computer engineers, and both localization tools are valuable in achieving a localization task.
Hamza Ethelb(8-2019)
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Hidden Hands: An Institutional Force in Political News Translation

This article explores translation in news institutions. While being heavily relied on by media organizations, translation is rarely acknowledged. Translation is deeply interwoven with news in that it is used to employ ideological tendencies and political agendas. This study investigates the powerful role of media institution as a force that intervenes in producing news reports. It uses a questionnaire and interviews to see the influence of editors in the translation of news texts. For this purpose, the views of 21 news translators, journalists and news were surveyed to infer the role of institutions in translation. The study looks at this role from different angles including translator training, instructions given to translators, textual alterations, and policies of news institutions. The findings indicate that intervention by the editors and producers on translation is taking place. The interview participants tend to agree with the intervention of the institution. The questionnaire respondents agree with the statement that translators are given instructions to use specific terminology but disagree with a statement that they have to comply with the policies of the institution.
Hamza Ethelb(5-2020)
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Dialects on Screen: Translating Jordanian Dialect into English The Case of Captain Abu Raed Film

This article explores the translation of dialects on-screen within the Jordanian context. Such place of translation is arguably one of the most challenging areas of translation, yet interesting due to its variety. Arab peoples use their dialects to express their opinions on several platforms, including TV media. Audiovisual translation research is growing in investigating subtitling Arabic dialects and languages on screen. Scholars propose a dialect-to-dialect approach or a dialect-to-standard approach. However, in this paper the focus is more on the strategies which inevitably fall within those approaches. The study uses a Jordanian film known as Captain Abu Raed as a source of highlighting and demonstrating translation of dialects within an Arabic context. The initial findings show that some dialectal expressions are taken off or sacrificed by replacing them with neutralized standard language.
Hamza Ethelb(10-2019)
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Changing the Structure of Paragraphs and Texts in Arabic: A Case from News Reporting

This study explores the textual alterations of Arabic news structure and how it has been influenced by news texts produced in English. The paper precisely examines sentence, paragraph and text structures in terms of form and content in relation to news translation. It analyses news articles collated from Aljazeera and Al-Arabiya news networks. The collated corpus is translations from English into Arabic by these two media outlets. The analysis showed considerable changes that the form of Arabic textual structures has incurred, especially in the general layout of texts. Although it confirm Hatim’s (1997) text-type categorisation with regard to argumentation in Arabic news texts that Arabic lacks argumentative elements it news content, it exhibited significant shift in internal cohesion, paragraph transitions, and syntactic patterns. These changes could emanate from many other influencing factors, but translation is definitely one.
Hamza Ethelb(7-2019)
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Teaching English to Adult Learners: APractical Remedial Method

This study explores the particularities of teaching English to adult learners. It looks at whether adult learners’ comprehension of lessons is slowed down by factors of teaching style orclassroom settings. The study uses a questionnaire to collect views of adult learners from the Libyan context. The questionnaire that contains 37 statements measures different aspects of teaching English. It was delivered online using Google Forms. Those aspects include teaching style, preferences of correcting mistakes, willingness of cooperation among adult learners, self-dependenceand self-confidenceof learners, and preferred techniques to learninggrammar and vocabulary. This study also offers a remedial method that is inferred from the experience of the researchers and supported by the results of the data. The results show that adult learners have differentperception towards acquiring a foreign language. They agree that they need to better theirlearning input. The suggested remedial process could be an answer to their needs.
Hamza Ethelb(10-2020)
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Clarté de la parole et effets coarticulatoires en arabe standard et dialectal

Cette étude s’intéresse à la clarté de la parole et à ses patrons coarticulatoires. Deux expériences ont été conduites en vue d’explorer l’influence de deux paramètres, le style de parole (formel vs non formel) et la position prosodique (accentué vs inaccentué). Le corpus a été constitué de trois listes de mots opposant dans le contexte syllabique CV les consonnes pharyngalisées /t d s / à leurs correspondantes non pharyngalisées /t d s / en arabe standard et en arabe dialectal. Les données acoustiques indiquent des relations claires entre la clarté de la parole et la coarticulation : plus d’effets coarticulatoires en discours formel (arabe standard) et en position prosodique forte (syllabe accentuée).
FATHI SALEM ALI TERFAS, Mohamed Embarki, Slim Ouni(6-2012)
publisher's website

Gender and acoustic variation : cases of vowels in Arabic Libyan of Tripoli

This present study is interested in the articulatory difference and the social construction of this difference in Libyan Arabic of Tripoli between men and women. The data used is a list of words in Libyan Arabic of Tripoli containing consonants with strong distinctive values from a social point of view between men and women. These are pharyngealized consonants / s ˁ, t ˁ, ˁ d / and the corresponding non-pharyngealized consonants / s, t, d /. Gender differences will be illustrated here through the frequency values ​​of the first three formants [F1, F2, F3] of the vowels / i, u, a / which are in contact with the pharyngealized consonants and non-pharyngealized consonants. Based on the above mentioned facts, we formulate our hypothesis as follows: 1. The variation of mean values of F1 and F2 of [i, u, a] depends on the consonantal context, notably pharyngealized and non-pharyngealized 2- The gender difference (male vs female) has a direct impact on how to make the syllable (CV) C= Consonant V= Vowel. 3- The slope of the equation will be a distinctive sign between genders
FATHI SALEM ALI TERFAS, Mohamed Embarki(8-2012)
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Les voyelles de l’arabe libyen de Tripoli : Approche sociophonétique du gender

Les voyelles de l’arabe libyen de Tripoli : Approche sociophonétique du gender
Fathi Salem Terfas, Mohamed Embarki(1-2014)