Faculty of Science

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About Faculty of Science

Faculty of Science

The Faculty of Science is the core at the University of Tripoli, as it was the first that established in this prestigious university. It is also the first faculty of science in Libya. At the present, it includes ten scientific departments: Departments of Zoology, Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Botany, Geology, Computer Science and Statistics, Atmospheric science and geophysics. It currently works to create a new department of Archaeology in order to study the scientific and research side of the historical heritage of the Libyan people. Graduates of this college have worked in various governmental sectors, such as oil exploration, extraction and refining, chemical industries complexes in Abu Kamash and Ras Al-Anuf, as well as plastics companies in production and manufacturing, and in factories for soap, cleaning materials and others. They were also recruited by the education sector in different research and pedagogical areas.

 

The graduates of this faculty have led the scientific process for many years and still represent the first building block in all colleges of science, and some other colleges in all Libyan universities for the past five decades. The scope of work for graduates included Faculties of Medicine (in the field of basic sciences, biochemistry, anatomy, histology and microbiology), many departments in the Faculty of Agriculture, general engineering, chemical and geological engineering; in particular, medical technology and pharmacy, and the Faculty of Economics and Arts. The Faculty of Science provides teaching assistants to other faculties and universities in the Libyan state.

 

The Faculty of Science is the first to create graduate studies programs in Libya, despite the nature of graduate studies in basic sciences, which need capabilities other than competent professors. Teaching staff in this institution graduated from international universities in the West and the East (USA, UK, Australia, and other European countries). They graduated from universities that are well-known for their high academic standard.

 

Having obtained their first university degree or higher degrees of specialization from Libya or abroad, graduates of Faculty of Science worked for industrial and nuclear research centers, petroleum sector, marine life, biotechnology, plastics, and other specialized research centers.

 

The Faculty has also enriched the scientific research movement in the fields of basic sciences in the Libyan state through the issuance of refereed basic science journal.

Programs

There's more than 200 program

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Publications

Some of publications in Faculty of Science

Effects of storage temperature on the quantity and integrity of genomic DNA extracted from mice tissues: A comparison of recovery methods

Efficient extraction of genomic DNA (gDNA) from biological materials found in harsh environments is the first step for successful forensic DNA profiling. This study aimed to evaluate two methods for DNA recovery from animal tissues (livers, muscles), focusing on the best storage temperature for DNA yield in term of quality, quantity, and integrity for use in several downstream molecular techniques. Six male Swiss albino mice were sacrificed, liver and muscle tissues (n=32) were then harvested and stored for one week in different temperatures, -20C, 4C, 25C and 40C. The conditioned animal tissues were used for DNA extraction by Chelex-100 method or NucleoSpin Blood and Tissue kit. The extracted gDNA was visualized on 1.5% agarose gel electrophoresis to determine the quality of gDNA and analysed spectrophotometrically to determine the DNA concentration and the purity. Both methods, Chelex-100 and NucleoSpin Blood and Tissue kit found to be appropriate for yielding high quantity of gDNA, with the Chelex100 method yielding a greater quantity (P < 0.045) than the kit. At -20C, 4C, and 25C temperatures, the concentration of DNA yield was numerically lower than at 40C. The NucleoSpin Blood and Tissue kit produced a higher (P=0.031) purity product than the Chelex-100 method, particularly for muscle tissues. The Chelex-100 method is cheap, fast, effective, and is a crucial tool for yielding DNA from animal tissues (livers, muscles) exposed to harsh environment with little limitations.
Huda H. Al-Griw, Zena A. Zraba, Salsabiel K. Al-Muntaser, Marwan M. Draid, Aisha M. Zaidi, Refaat M. Tabagh , Mohamed A. Al-Griw(8-2017)
Publisher's website

Environmentally toxicant exposures induced intragenerational transmission of liver abnormalities in mice

Environmental toxicants such as chemicals, heavy metals, and pesticides have been shown to promote transgenerational inheritance of abnormal phenotypes and/or diseases to multiple subsequent generations following parental and/ or ancestral exposures. This study was designed to examine the potential transgenerational action of the environmental toxicant trichloroethane (TCE) on transmission of liver abnormality, and to elucidate the molecular etiology of hepatocyte cell damage. A total of thirty two healthy immature female albino mice were randomly divided into three equal groups as follows: a sham group, which did not receive any treatment; a vehicle group, which received corn oil alone, and TCE treated group (3 weeks, 100 μg/kg i.p., every 4th day). The F0 and F1 generation control and TCE populations were sacrificed at the age of four months, and various abnormalities histpathologically investigated. Cell death and oxidative stress indices were also measured. The present study provides experimental evidence for the inheritance of environmentally induced liver abnormalities in mice. The results of this study show that exposure to the TCE promoted adult onset liver abnormalities in F0 female mice as well as unexposed F1 generation offspring. It is the first study to report a transgenerational liver abnormalities in the F1 generation mice through maternal line prior to gestation. This finding was based on careful evaluation of liver histopathological abnormalities, apoptosis of hepatocytes, and measurements of oxidative stress biomarkers (lipid peroxidation, protein carbonylation, and nitric oxide) in control and TCE populations. There was an increase in liver histopathological abnormalities, cell death, and oxidative lipid damage in F0 and F1 hepatic tissues of TCE treated group. In conclusion, this study showed that the biological and health impacts of environmental toxicant TCE do not end in maternal adults, but are passed on to offspring generations. Hence, linking observed liver abnormality in the offspring to environmental exposure of their parental line. This study also illustrated that oxidative stress and apoptosis appear to be a molecular component of the hepatocyte cell injury.
Mohamed A. Al-Griw , Soad A. Treesh, Rabia O. Alghazeer, Sassia O. Regeai (7-2017)
Publisher's website

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