Molecular epidemiology of recurrent clinical mastitis due to Streptococcus uberis: Evidence of both an environmental source and recurring infection with the same strain





Journal title

Journal of dairy science


Vol. 1 No. 97


Salem Abureema


285 - 290


This study was undertaken because clinicians and farmers have observed that a considerable number of cows diagnosed with Streptococcus uberis mastitis have recurrences of mastitis in the same or a different quarter. The study was an attempt to answer whether these recurring cases were due to treatment failure (in which case a search would have begun for a better treatment for Strep. uberis mastitis) or due to reinfection with a different strain of Strep. uberis. Using pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), we determined that the majority of recurrences (20 of 27) were caused by a new strain of Strep. uberis, indicating that treatment of the initial infection had been successful. A small number of recurrences (5 of 27) were caused by the initial strain, indicating persistence. The remaining 2 recurrences occurred in a new quarter but with the initial strain of Strep. uberis, indicating either spread between quarters or reactivation of a previous subclinical infection. Analysis of the PFGE profiles failed to reveal any strainspecific propensity to persist, because strains causing recurrences occurred in most of the major clusters.